(a project of Mirravision Trust, Financed by Auroshakti Foundation)

Chapter I
Chapter II - Part 1
Chapter II - Part 2
Chapter II - Part 3
Chapter II - Part 4
Chapter III - Part 1
Chapter III - Part 2
Chapter III - Part 3
Chapter III - Part 4
Chapter III - Part 5
Chapter III - Part 6
Chapter IV - Part 1
Chapter IV - Part 2
Chapter IV - Part 3
Chapter IV - Part 4
Chapter V-Part 1
Chapter V - Part 2
Chapter V - Part 3
Chapter V - Part 4
Chapter V - Part 5
Chapter VI - Part 1
Chapter VI - Part 2
Chapter VI - Part 3
Chapter VI - Part 4
Chapter VI - Part 5
Chapter VII - Part 1
Chapter VII - Part 2
Chapter VII - Part 3
Chapter VII - Part 4
Chapter VII - Part 5
Chapter VIII - Part 1
Chapter VIII - Part 2
Chapter VIII - Part 3
Chapter VIII - Part 4
Chapter IX - Part 1
Chapter IX - Part 2
Chapter X - Part 1
Chapter X - Part 2
Chapter X - Part 3
Chapter X - Part 4
Chapter X - Part 5
Chapter X - Part 6
Chapter XI - Part 1
Chapter XI - Part 2
Chapter XI - Part 3
Chapter XI - Part 4
Chapter XII - Part 1
Chapter XII - Part 2
Chapter XII - Part 3
Chapter XII - Part 4
Chapter XII - Part 5
Chapter XIII - Part 1
Chapter XIII - Part 2
Chapter XIV - Part 1
Chapter XIV - Part 2
Chapter XIV - Part 3
Chapter XIV - Part 4
Chapter XIV - Part 5
Chapter XV - Part 1
Chapter XV - Part 2
Chapter XV - Part 3
Chapter XV - Part 4
Chapter XV - Part 5
Chapter XV - Part 6
Chapter XV - Part 7
Chapter XV - Part 8
Chapter XV - Part 9
Chapter XVI - Part 1
Chapter XVI - Part 2
Chapter XVI - Part 3
Chapter XVI - Part 4
Chapter XVI - Part 5
Chapter XVI - Part 6
Chapter XVI - Part 7
Chapter XVI - Part 8
Chapter XVI - Part 9
Chapter XVI - Part 10
Chapter XVI - Part 11
Chapter XVI - Part 12
Chapter XVI - Part 13
Chapter XVII - Part 1
Chapter XVII - Part 2
Chapter XVII - Part 3
Chapter XVII - Part 4
Chapter XVIII - Part 1
Chapter XVIII - Part 2
Chapter XVIII - Part 3
Chapter XVIII - Part 4
Chapter XVIII - Part 5
Chapter XVIII - Part 6
Chapter XVIII - Part 7
Chapter XVIII - Part 8
Chapter XVIII - Part 9
Chapter XVIII - Part 10
Chapter XIX - Part 1
Chapter XIX - Part 2
Chapter XIX - Part 3
Chapter XIX - Part 4
Chapter XIX - Part 5
Chapter XIX - Part 6
Chapter XIX - Part 7
Chapter XX - Part 1
Chapter XX - Part 2
Chapter XX - Part 3
Chapter XX - Part 4
Chapter XX - Part 4
Chapter XXI - Part 1
Chapter XXI - Part 2
Chapter XXI - Part 3
Chapter XXI - Part 4
Chapter XXII - Part 1
Chapter XXII - Part 2
Chapter XXII - Part 3
Chapter XXII - Part 4
Chapter XXII - Part 5
Chapter XXII - Part 6
Chapter XXIII Part 1
Chapter XXIII Part 2
Chapter XXIII Part 3
Chapter XXIII Part 4
Chapter XXIII Part 5
Chapter XXIII Part 6
Chapter XXIII Part 7
Chapter XXIV Part 1
Chapter XXIV Part 2
Chapter XXIV Part 3
Chapter XXIV Part 4
Chapter XXIV Part 5
Chapter XXV Part 1
Chapter XXV Part 2
Chapter XXV Part 3
Chapter XXVI Part 1
Chapter XXVI Part 2
Chapter XXVI Part 3
Chapter XXVII Part 1
Chapter XXVII Part 2
Chapter XXVII Part 3
Chapter XXVIII Part 1
Chapter XXVIII Part 2
Chapter XXVIII Part 3
Chapter XXVIII Part 4
Chapter XXVIII Part 5
Chapter XXVIII Part 6
Chapter XXVIII Part 7
Chapter XXVIII Part 8
Book II, Chapter 1, Part I
Book II, Chapter 1, Part II
Book II, Chapter 1, Part III
Book II, Chapter 1, Part IV
Book II, Chapter 1, Part V
Book II, Chapter 2, Part I
Book II, Chapter 2, Part II
Book II, Chapter 2, Part III
Book II, Chapter 2, Part IV
Book II, Chapter 2, Part V
Book II, Chapter 2, Part VI
Book II, Chapter 2, Part VII
Book II, Chapter 2, Part VIII
Book II, Chapter 3, Part I
Book II, Chapter 3, Part II
Book II, Chapter 3, Part III
Book II, Chapter 3, Part IV
Book II, Chapter 3, Part V
Book II, Chapter 4, Part I
Book II, Chapter 4, Part II
Book II, Chapter 4, Part III
Book II, Chapter 5, Part I
Book II, Chapter 5, Part II
Book II, Chapter 5, Part III
Book II, Chapter 6, Part I
Book II, Chapter 6, Part II
Book II, Chapter 6, Part III
Book II, Chapter 7, Part I
Book II, Chapter 7, Part II
Book II, Chapter 8, Part I
Book II, Chapter 8, Part II
Book II, Chapter 9, Part I
Book II, Chapter 9, Part II

A Psychological Approach to Sri Aurobindo's

The Life Divine

Book II, Chapter 2, Part VI

Book II

The Knowledge and the Ignorance-The Spiritual Evolution

Chapter 2

Brahman, Purusha, Ishwara -- Maya, Prakriti, Shakti

Part VI

The Divine Being

If Purusha is Conscious Being who becomes active by its own Nature or Prakriti, then, logically speaking, both of them must be coeval with a third aspect of Reality - the Divine Being. (LD, pg.351) This Divine Being or Ishwara is the most fundamental and comprehensive of all aspects of Reality where all are united in a single formulation and is therefore supracosmic as well as intracosmic (Ibid), exceeding and supporting all individuality. The Divine Being is simultaneously the Father of all that is in its poise of the Self or Spirit in all and the Divine Mother in its poise of Consciousness-Force. As the Father of all, the Divine Being is master and creator of the universe, "omnipotent, omniscient, the controller of all energies, the Conscious in all that is conscient or inconscient...the Ruler or Overruler of all works....the All-Person of whom all beings are personalities, the Power from whom are all powers". (Ibid) As the Divine Mother, the Divine Being is "the Friend of all creatures, the All-blissful and All-beautiful of whom beauty and joy are the revelation, the All-Beloved and All-Lover". (Ibid)

The Divine Being should not be confused with the "personal God of popular religions" for all such formations are restricted representations of the one Ishwara. (Ibid, pg.352) The Divine Being is all-inclusive and therefore incorporates both the Brahman with attributes (the Saguna Brahman) and the Brahman without attributes (the Nirguna Brahman) and in a superior poise, transcends both. (Ibid)

Personality, Impersonality and The Person

Ordinarily we conceptualize a being in terms of personality. But in terms of an existential psychology, how elusive is that concept which the contemporary discipline of psychology holds so strongly! That personality is a frontal appearance of a being who evolves from an impersonal Inconscience and in life has to maintain makeshift compromises with an impersonal environment. That personality disappears at death when the being apparently loses itself in the impersonal matrix of Nature. And when a spiritual aspirant has to identify with the cosmic consciousness or the Transcendence, one has to become an universalized individual that has to outgrow the personality. "Personality makes its apparition as a creation of consciousness in an impersonal world; it is a limitation by a restricted formation of powers, qualities, habitual forces of the nature-action, an imprisonment in a limited circle of self-experience which we have to transcend, -- to lose personality is necessary if we are to gain universality, still more necessary if we are to rise into the Transcendence." (Ibid)

Does that mean that it is the impersonal which is basic and the personality is just a freak! But spiritual experience revealed that both impersonality and personality issue from a vast matrix that is the Being in its superlative poise -the Person who can take up many personalities and even the garb of impersonality.

We cannot relate with an anonymous figure and Reality cannot be meaningful if it did not reveal itself as a receptive consciousness; delight would be useless without an enjoyer, love would be fruitless without a lover and omnipotence can be ineffectual without an Almighty.

Sri Aurobindo describes that even if we follow the trajectory of evolution, whatever evolves is greater than the matrix from which the emergence occurs. Consciousness emerges from Inconscience, Mind emerges from Matter, Soul manifests after the Mind has consolidated itself and in continuation of that line, the Spirit - the true Person emerges as the greatest emergence of all. This is "the All-Person, the omnipresent Conscious Being." (Ibid, pg.353) It is the same Person who manifests in different poises - in the Transcendence as the Infinite Person, in the cosmic consciousness as the Cosmic Being and in the multiplicity as the Jivatman. The ego-bound limited personality is conceptualized due to the Mind's ignorance of the True Person within us.

Law and Logic of infinite consciousness

The Divine Being's modus operandi is far removed from our limited mental functioning. It is neither anthropomorphic nor mechanical and does not conform to our mental constructions. (Ibid, pg.354) The Divine is not bound by any law and is essentially free but it still acts through laws to express the spiritual reality of things. Thus all that is to manifest is programmed as an essence in the Supermind which is the field of integral cognition. Next the essence of a particular manifestation gets organized as spiritual archetypes in the Overmind or field of global cognition. The Divine next operates through intuitive laws that facilitate the manifestation of the spiritual archetypes in earthly reality. In the process, it has to act from Supernature (beyond the domain of the ego) to the ego bound lower Nature, making it receptive to the spiritual freedom "that knows and acts in the supreme and universal truth of the Spirit". (Ibid) It is only with the law and logic of infinite consciousness that "we ought to understand the significance and building and movement of the universe". (Ibid)

The sovereignty of the Being

Though Reality is one, it has a structural perspective in the form of the Being and a functional perspective in the form of Consciousness-Force, Maya or Shakti which is actually a power of the Being. Though both the perspectives are equipoised, the Being retains a certain sovereignty whether it is in an inner dynamic mode or in a silent mode. In the dynamic mode, the Being is the Lord, creator and ruler of the manifestation. In the silent mode, the Being stands back and gives freedom of action to the forces of Nature; yet its "sovereignty is still innate in the permission, at every step his tacit sanction, "let it be so", tathastu, is there implicit; for otherwise nothing could be done or happen". (Ibid, pg.355)

In an answer to the question about the nature of Force, Sri Aurobindo had answered (on 8th January, 1940):

Unless you accept a Being behind who applies the force and also becomes matter there is no other explanation......I have said in The Life Divine that you cannot explain the appearance of consciousness out of Matter unless you accept a Being behind. The Being may be either Unmanifest and involved in Matter or it may be Manifest. (Evening Talks, 3rd edition, 701)

Date of Update: 23-May-22

- By Dr. Soumitra Basu


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